Sarah Schenirer's Parents

Sarah Schenirer's Family

Sarah Schenirer’s parents were Zalel (Bezalel) Schenirer (1853-1911) and Rozalia (Roza) Lack Schenirer (1855-1937). The family owned a dry-goods store and were Belzer Hasidim; Bezalel also was a gifted cantor. She writes of them in her memoir:

My father, of blessed memory, was named Rabbi Bezalel Hakohen of Turna [Tarnów], and he was a descendant of the Shakh, whose family were later among the first followers of the Sanzer Rebbe.1 My father’s mother, Sheina Feigl, of blessed memory, was truly a great saint. People still have many things to say about her piety, goodness, and modesty. On the iciest days, she would carry warm tea to the yeshiva boys sitting in the study house. She would spare no expense to serve the holy Sanzer Rebbe, and all in all had the finest character. My mother, long may she live, is from Kraków, a granddaughter of Rabbi Abraham Lack of blessed memory, whose wife, my grandmother Chaya, came from the Carmel family and was a direct descendant of the Bach.

Sarah Schenirer

Sarah Schenirer's Siblings

Sarah was the third of nine children. According to an interview with her nephew Tulo Schenirer, son of Yakov Schenirer, these siblings ranged from devoted Hasidim to entirely secular, a diversity not unusual for the period. Of these eight siblings, two died in 1934, the year before Sarah Schenirer passed away of cancer. The other five were all killed in Belzec. 

Lea

The oldest Schenirer child, Lea (1875-1942), was married to Kalman Mandelbaum and had six children.

Juda/Yehuda

Juda/Yehuda (1880-1942) was a strictly religious businessman who lived in Tarnów and had two children.

Aaron/Jurek

After Sarah came Aaron/Jurek (1886-1942), who was also religious, and who had two children; he lived in Leipzig until he was deported by the Germans in 1938 and returned to Kraków, where his family found him work in a factory.

Helena/Chaya

Helena/Chaya (1888-1942) lived in Kraków and worked as a Hebrew teacher, while her husband owned a warehouse; they were moderately religious.

Shimon

Shimon (1890-1942) was Sarah’s favorite sibling, a Belzer Hasid who served from 1935 to 1939 on the Kraków rabbinical court. Either Yehuda or Shimon was the brother who brought Sarah Schenirer’s note to the Belzer Rebbe in Marienbad.

Yaakov/Jakub

Yaakov/Jakub (1891-1934), served in the Polish Army during WWI, worked in a bank, held Zionist views, and kept a kosher home (although only he only attended synagogue on major holidays). He married Helene Wertheimer in 1925 and their son Tulo (1927-2012) was born two years later. He died suddenly of meningitis in 1934.

Matylda/Mania

Matylda/Mania (1892-1942) worked as a secretary in a brick factory and apparently never married. She and Sarah traveled together often.

Avraham/Romek

Avraham/Romek (1897-1934) was a gifted composer musician who played many instruments, and was completely secular, according to Tulo. He had four children and worked in the same bank as Jakub, with whom he was very close. In 1934 he left for Berlin to undergo surgery, taking his family with him. The operation was unsuccessful and he was buried in Berlin.

Sarah Schenirer's Niece and Nephew

Two of the sibling’s children survived, Romek’s daughter Anni (1925-2014), and Yaakov’s son Tulo (1927-2012). The two met once after the war.

Anni

Anni traveled to England on a Kindertransport in 1939. After the war she married Ralph Goodman, immigrated to the United States, and had two sons, who presently live in Florida and outside of New York.

Tulo

Tulo survived the Kraków ghetto and three concentration camps. He lived in Poland after the war moving to Israel in 1959, where he married Rita Wachs (b. 1931) and had two daughters, who presently live in Tel Aviv and Ra’anana. These four great-nephews and nieces, and their children and grandchildren, are Sarah Schenirer’s only known surviving family. Tulo remembered his aunt, and was proud of her accomplishments all his life.

Tulo Schenirer and his wife Rita.

Other than the material on Sarah Schenirer’s ancestors, this information is taken from: Aleksander B. Skotnicki, Polsko-izraelskie losy Tulo Schenirera i jego rodziny [The Polish and Israeli Fate of Tulo Schenirer and His Family] (Kraków: Wydawnictwo AA, 2009).